Hernias happen when the tissue or muscle that holds an organ in place becomes weakened or develops a hole, allowing the organ to push through. For instance, someone may have a weakened abdominal wall, which then allows the intestines to slip out. In fact, abdominal hernias are the most common, although they can appear in other areas, including the groin, the belly button, and the upper thigh. Hernias often present with few signs and symptoms and they don't have to be life threatening. They do, however, always need medical attention.

Hernia Treatments and Surgery:

Whether treatment is required or not depends firstly on how large the hernia is. Secondly, how bad the hernia is will also help a physician determine what to do for treating the condition. Usually, doctors will monitor the progress of your hernia over a period of time. There are a number of different hernia treatments and surgery options and these include:

1. Making lifestyle changes, with changing the diet being one of the best ways to avoid a hiatal hernia. Here, treatment usually includes making modifications to the patient's diet, such as staying away from overly large or heavy meals, not bending over or lying down after eating, and making sure you they not become obese. If, after focusing on this, the hernia remains in place and if it is causing the patient a lot of difficulties, then surgery may be required. However, patients should also notice some benefits after removing tomato-based and spicy foods from their diet, as these are known to be precursors for heartburn and acid reflux. Losing weight and stopping smoking are also important ways for treating or alleviating the condition.

2. Prescription and over the counter medication can be helpful for people with a hiatal hernia. These tablets are designed mainly to help patients manage the uncomfortable feelings associated with having a hernia. They may be prescribed proton pump inhibitors, H2 receptor blockers, or antacids.

3. If the hernia gets worse and grows bigger, it is possible that surgery will be recommended, particularly if the hernia does nor respond to the treatment and causes significant pain. This is a type of keyhole surgery, whereby the physician will try to fix the weakness in the abdominal wall. Usually, the hole that was formed will be sewed shut by using surgical mesh to patch it up. Generally speaking, the procedure is laparoscopic, although open surgery may also be possible. Open surgery is being phased out a lot of as of late, which means it is likely the patient will have laparoscopic surgery instead, which is much safer and has a shorter recovery time associated with it. After open surgery, the patient may be out of action for around 10 weeks. Laparoscopic procedures aren't perfect either, but they are a tremendous improvement. Unfortunately, those who had a hernia in the past are are more likely to develop one again.

These are the most common hernia treatments and surgery, but there many others. A physician will be best able to monitor the patient's current situation, and what is need in terms of treatment.