Seizures are often caused by epilepsy. Epilepsy refers to a group of related disorders that are characterized by a tendency for having recurrent seizures. There are different forms of seizures and epilepsy, and drugs can be prescribed to control the seizures. In very specific circumstances, surgery might be used to control seizures if the medications offered are ineffective. Here, we're going to attempt to answer the question: "What causes seizures and how are they treated?"

What Causes Seizures?

It's tough to pinpoint the exact causes of epilepsy. Usually, the root causes aren't known, although there are certain factors that might be known to provoke seizures in people who have epilepsy. Ideally, most of the time your doctor will look into what causes seizures and how are they treated with you, and help you to come up with solutions that might help you to reduce your exposure to dangerous risk factors and trigger problems. Avoiding things that might trigger your seizures can help you to live more comfortably with epilepsy.

For instance, people who miss doses of their medication are more likely to suffer from problems regarding seizures. In addition, the use of drugs or drinking alcohol heavily can sometimes interfere with the way that the brain functions, which leads to greater chances of seizures. Meanwhile, for about one in every two women who have epilepsy, it may also be possible for more seizures to occur during and before menstrual periods.

What Are the Treatments for Seizures?

When it comes to discussing what causes seizures and how are they treated, it's important to remember that there are a lot of different treatment options out there. Usually, the best way to treat these conditions will be to begin by making sure the doctor treating you know what caused your seizures in the first place. For instance, if your seizure was caused by a problem like low blood sugar or an infection, those issues can be addressed as quickly as possible to prevent further seizures from occurring. On the other hand, if it's difficult to see the underlying cause treatment is often offered with anti-seizure medications.

There are many different drugs that can be used to reduce or eliminate recurrent or constantly occurring seizures. Sometimes, the amount or type of medication that you're given can be based on the specific pattern and type of the seizure that you have experienced. While sometimes, a single drug will be used, other times, a combination of drugs might be necessary.

Other Treatments for Seizures:

Doctors who are concerned about seizures in their patients might suggest using surgery for patients whose seizures cannot be controlled using medication. For instance, in vagus nerve stimulation, a device might be used to electronically stimulate the nerve that controls the activity between the major internal organs and the brain. This can reduce partial seizures and seizure activity in some patients.

It's also worth noting that making lifestyle changes can also be helpful in some patients who suffer from seizures, as stress and other emotional problems can contribute to the issue.